Buzzword|Negative population growth 人口负增长


The population growth rate of ethnic minority groups in China has been significantly higher than that of the Han ethnic group over the past decade, which shows that people from all ethnic groups have benefited from the nation's all-around development, according to the 2020 national census. Photo shows that children have fun on Dove Lane in Hotan city, Northwest China's Xinjiang Uygur autonomous region, May 27, 2020. [Photo/Xinhua]

The total population of the Chinese mainland increased to 1.4118 billion in 2020, according to data from the seventh national census released by the National Bureau of Statistics on May 11.


The results unsurprisingly revealed that China's population is in an era of low fertility and aging, and the population growth has almost come to a halt.


Since the founding of the People's Republic of China, significant changes have taken place in the number and structure of the population, as well as fertility, mortality, and migration in the last seven decades. China experienced a complete demographic transition in half a century, from high fertility and high mortality to low fertility and low mortality, and recorded a high growth rate in the 1960s and 1970s.



Negative population growth is expected in the near future with a peak size of slightly more than 1.4 billion. The 2020 census is likely to be the last one to witness China's population growth in this century.




Source: National Bureau of Statistics via CGTN

Related expressions

population census  人口普查 (请戳往期链接)

family planning policy   计划生育政策

greying workforce  高龄劳动力

universal two-child policy  全面二孩政策

elderly care services   养老服务 (请戳往期链接)

Collected by Wu Qin (intern), Lv Yun

Edited by Lv Yun

Sources: CGTN, China Daily

Cover image: CGTN